“Life is a matter of choices, and every choice you make makes you.” By John C. Maxwell
Choice boards are graphic organizers that comprise of different amounts of squares and each square is an activity based on a standard. Choice Boards enhance student motivation and engagement in the classroom because students are provided with the “choice” of they want to practice a standard. Below are steps for how to create a choice board:
Step 1- Standards: Decide on what standard you want to create the choice board on. Example: 1.OA.1, 5.NF.1 or 7.EE.1
Step 2- Format: Decide what type of choice board you are going to make, ie how many squares are you going to have? One thing to think about is how long do you want this choice board to be for. For example if it is for one week, then I would pick 6 boxes so students can pick one box per day and still have a choice between two tasks on Friday.
Step 3- Tasks: Create a task (per square) that align to the standard. If you have taught this standard before, pull all the tasks you have done for that standard. Review the tasks to make sure that the tasks are both rigorous and relevant. If the tasks are keep them, if they are not, ask yourself; can I tweak the task to make it better? If so, make the tweaks to improve the task and if not throw the task out as there is no need to keep it.
Step 4- Build: Take all the tasks for that one standard you created and add them to the format that you choose.
Here are some examples of standards based choice boards:
Choice Board 4.OA.3
Choice Board 5.P.2
Choice Board 6.SP
“Most of the mistakes in thinking are inadequacies of perception rather than mistakes of logic.” By Edward de Bono
Playlist versus Pathway, that is the question I get asked most often. The answer it depends on what your students needs are and where educators are in their craft. To make it easier to determine which is right for you, lets define them first.
Playlist is tasks based on a particular standard or unit of progression of standards that are sequential. Students begin the playlists based on need from their pre-assessment data and work at their own pace.
Example of a playlist for Math 5.NBT.7
Pathway is when students have choice of what tasks they want to complete based on a particular standard or unit of progression of standards. Students pathways are determined by their pre-assessment data. Students have voice in how they show mastery along with student led conferences before moving onto the next level within the pathway.
Example of a pathway for Math 5.NF. 1 & 2
The second question I often hear is how do I create a playlist or a pathway. My recommendation is to backwards plan. Start with the end in mind of what mastery looks like for the standard you are creating the playlist or the pathway for. I also suggest pulling all the tasks you have for that standard that you have used in prior years to help create your playlist and/or pathway.
If you have a playlist or pathway you want to share with others, please add it to the comments.
“The great gift of human beings is that we have the power of empathy.” by Meryl Streep
Empathy is the experience of understanding another person’s thoughts and feelings from their point of view, rather than your own. An empathy map is a tool that I like to use with teachers to take a human-centered approach when thinking about personalizing students learning. Originally designed for businesses to think about their customers needs, schools are now using them to think about their students needs. Empathy maps shed light on which problems to solve within your school or classroom through a protocol.
The purpose of an empathy map activity is to empathize with end users, our students. When we better understanding how they think and feel, it will allow us to design classroom practices that work for them. You can create empathy maps several ways but my favorite way is to interview multiple students to gain perspective and truly hear their voice. Example questions for an interview would be:
- What would make you excited to come to school?
- Describe a class you feel most successful in and why.
- How could all teachers help you feel successful?
- Tell me about a time when you learned to do something really difficult? How did you learn it?
- What would your ideal learning experience look like?
- What change do you feel would make the biggest difference in your learning experiences? Why?
Then when I sit down to do an empathy map, I take a blank piece of paper, draw a circle in the middle and then section it off into the four sections below:
- Said: What are things this student might say in your class?
- Thought: What are things this student might be thinking while in your class?
- Did: What are some things this student might be doing in the class?
- Felt: How might this student feel?
Inside the middle circle I put the students name and then answer the above questions for said student using the data I gained from the interviews. If you don’t have time to do the interviews, that is ok too. You can then walk through this activity and think about what they would say, think etc- just know with this approach you can unintentionally add judgements.
Empathy Maps are a great way to disclose the underlying “why” behind students actions, choices and decisions so we can proactively design for their real needs; not based on what our needs as teachers are. After completing the empathy map activity you can now adjust an upcoming lesson, task, classroom environment etc to address students’ needed.
Other activities to build educators empathy:
Lots of images of doing an empathy map
Google Drawing Empathy Map Template
STARTING WITH STUDENTS: ONE TEACHER’S DESIGN THINKING JOURNEY
EMPATHY MAPPING IN THE TEACHING AND TRAINING CLASSROOM
“Alone we can do so little; together we can do so much.” By Helen Keller
If you are in education you have heard the term PLC which stands for Professional Learning Communities. Every school should have them as it’s a great way to help improvement teachers practices and increase student learning. Strong PLCs ensure equity of resources for students and redesign learning to accommodate the students needs.
PLC involves much more than a group of teachers getting together to discuss their lesson plans or data. Instead, a PLC should represent a focus on continuous improvement in staff performance as well as student outcomes. If teachers are working together in PLCs answering these questions then they are working towards a more Personalized Learning environment for their classrooms. According to Rick DuFour, the guru of PLCs, the four critical questions of a PLC include:
- What do we want all students to know and be able to do?
- How will we know if they learn it?
- How will we respond when some students do not learn?
- How will we extend the learning for students who are already proficient/shown mastery?
I would tweak these questions to provide support to help educators change their practices in the classroom and to promote more of a personalized instruction by bringing in the students responses along with a few more I added in green below:
For students during a PLC:
- What do I want to know and be able to do?
- What dispositions/soft skills will help me accomplish my goal?
- How will I know if I learned it?
- How will I demonstrated that I have mastered the skill/concept?
- How will I respond when I do not understand the concept or am not learning it? What resources can I turn to?
- How will I extend my learning?
Adding student responses into the PLC process starts transforming the agency and shifting practices from a PLC that is student centered to a PLC that is student driven. When PLCs come together to analyze their current reality and make changes to improve upon their practices with students voices at the table; they will not only increase student outcomes but also classroom culture and student motivation.
“When you listen with empathy to another person, you give that person psychological air.” by Stephen R. Covey
Developing Social Emotional Learning (SEL) skills within students is not only one of the most important ways that classrooms and schools can raise student achievement scores but the skills also prepare students for life. Here are my favorite ways to integrate social emotional learning into the classroom at any grade level:
- Morning Check In: Greeting students at the door and gauging how they are entering can help reshape a students day. When you see a students demeanor different, you can have them step aside to find out whats wrong and how you can help turn their day around. This not only shows you care but also can allow for less disruptions in the classroom. For younger grades you can make a chart and have them tap the feeling that they are having. such as happy, sad, etc with pictures to help them recognize their feelings.
- Read Alouds: Reading aloud stories that have social-emotional themes help student understand situations. Read aloud for the younger grades can be pictures books and for older grades can be chapter books.
- Morning Meeting/Advisory Time: Holding morning meeting is a great way to start off the day and build classroom culture. Having SEL activities as part of morning meeting makes them even better. For older students, I usually call it advisor time. This time set aside empower all of your students with a voice and allows ownership of their learning environment.
Other great resources:
ASCD: Whole Child Initiative
13 Powerful SEL Activities
8 Apps for SEL
Common Sense: SEL Resources
- Talking Sticks: Allowing students to answer questions by using “sticks” with their name on it does not allow for more student voice. It’s a great strategy to randomize calling on students to see how they will respond or for understanding. Instead….
- For every ten minutes of content you deliver students need TIME to process and synthesize their learning. Have students turn and talk about what they learned.
- Question Stems: Having questions stems is a great tool for supporting more in-depth conversations in the classrooms but that is not adding student voice. Instead…
- Have students write reflections. This allows for students to work through their thoughts and emotions before sharing and allows their authentic voice.
- Surveys: Giving students surveys is great. If you are only gathering student feedback that it is not allowing for student voice. Instead…
- Use the survey data to take action and make changes. This will show students you are listening and value their voice and ideas.
Other ways to add student voice in the classroom is by having students:
- goal set and reflect
- led their conferences
- debate on topics
- Genius Hour
- choice on how to show mastery
Please share ways you have allowed more student voice in the classroom.